Route design code

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The Gardenway walking, cycling and wheeling route is a key part of the Gardenway. Here, we set out a summary of the design code that will guide the design of the route in different areas of the Gardenway.

A Gardenway Avenue

The Gardenway walking, cycling and wheeling route will be the primary avenue of a new town-wide orbital park. It will be the primary leisure and active travel route for residents and a visitor destination. The Gardenway should not simply meet minimum walking and cycling design standards but will set the standard and aspiration for other towns and cities to follow.

Key considerations for it's design include:

  • Encouraging and enabling growth in everyday walking, cycling and wheeling including new sustainable modes such as e-scooters. This will enable people to live healthy, active lives, reduce their dependence on private cars, reduce air pollution whilst improving air quality, and tackle climate change.
  • Creating a comfortable, safe and generous environment to encourage use of the avenue for leisure and socialising- walking, cycling or wheeling in small groups with friends and family.
  • Accommodating the wide range of mobility aids, cycles and 'wheels' people may use, and the varying dimensions of these- from powered and manual wheelchairs, mobility scooters, e-scooters, cargo-bikes, trailers, tandem cycles and adapted cycles (such as tricycles, handcycles, recumbent cycles and side-by-side cycles). This will enable the Gardenway to be an inclusive and accessible place for everyone to use and gain benefit from.
  • Creating a comfortable environment for people who may feel vulnerable or unsafe by providing segregated space for walking and slower wheeling (such as wheelchairs); and cycling and faster wheeling (such as e-scooters).
  • Enabling the avenue to be used throughout the year, even when local brooks and rivers are in flood.
  • Creating an attractive avenue that looks and feels like a park, rather than a ‘highway.' Careful consideration should be given to the choice of materials, signage, lighting and planting.

The main design typologies for the Gardenway walking, cycling and wheeling route have been developed in accordance with these principles. The details of these are shown below.

Sketch showing the proposed design of the Gardenway Avenue.

Gardenway (max)

The drawing to the left shows the main Gardenway avenue. This includes a 4m wide segregated cycle track to enable people to cycle at their leisure, in groups and to accommodate non-standard cycles as well as an anticipated growth in cycling and the use of e-bikes and e-scooters for daily travel. This typology also includes a 4-5m wide footway to enable people to walk or wheel with a companion and pass others comfortably.

This typology includes a mixed use 'buffer' between the walking and cycling space. This would mainly provide space for planting wildflowers, low native hedgerows and trees, but could also be used t locate benches, cycle parking and litter bins.

Gardenway (min)

Here, the Gardenway has a 3m wide footway and 3m wide two-way cycle track. This meets the widely recognised basic design standards for a two-way cycle track (3m width) and exceeds a standard footway width (2m).

The two spaces are separated by a chamfered delineator kerb (raised kerb with a slanted edge) to help people who are blind or partially sighted to detect the edge of the walking area. This is in line with national tactile paving standards.

Sensitive areas

Sensitive areas includes places where flooding occurs, wetlands, nature reserves and areas where wildlife and ecology should be protected from human disturbance.

Where the Gardenway crosses areas that regularly flood, the route will need to be designed to ensure it remains usable and accessible during these times. One solution is to raise the route up on a 'causeway' or embankment away from the waters edge to enable the rest of the area to continue flooding.

In nature reserves and wetland areas, solutions include introducing boardwalks (raised walkways) that enable people to pass over and through and get close to nature, yet minimising disturbance.

Junctions and crossings

Junctions and crossings of main roads should provide traffic signals to help improve road safety and give priority to people walking, cycling and wheeling. This approach should also help to support people with disabilities or vulnerable road users such as children, to use the route safely and with confidence. Road crossings should continue to provide segregated space for walking and cycling wherever possible to do so.

Sketch showing a proposed Gardenway signalised crossing with separate space for walking and cycling.

Sketch showing proposals for how the Gardenway could cross a roundabout junction.

Materials, lighting and signage

The Gardenway route should look and feel like part of a green space or park, rather than a highway. The moodboard below shows some examples of lighting, materials and signage to set the tone for the Gardenway route.

Some of the key points and principles include:

  • The walking, cycling and wheeling route should be a smooth, hard surface to provide good accessibility and support cycling and wheeling.
  • The surfacing should be easy to maintain and remain consistent around the Gardenway.
  • Natural materials such as timber and stone aggregate should be used to help to create a more attractive, natural and park-like feeling to the route.

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